Skip to content

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)


Brios Services LLC is not a law firm. The information contained in this website is provided for informational purposes only, and should not be construed as legal advice on any matter.



An investigation is posted on our website following forensic analysis of a public company’s disclosures. An investigation is created when wrongdoings have been identified. The investigation may or may not result in legal recourse.

Every day, analysts go through available information about public companies. Our team and partner law firms look for unrevealed frauds, schemes, manipulations and artifices. When potential wrongdoings are identified, an investigation is opened.

You may very well contact us about a potential investigation using our Begin Investigating page on the left dashboard of our website. We will review your information and contact you if needed. We only want to democratize investigations to increase transparency in financial markets. You should not contact us regarding non-public information you may have about a company. If you seek legal advise about your situation, contact a law firm using our website’s list of law firms.

In accordance with our terms and conditions, we invite investors to contact the law firms advertising on the investigations and lawsuits for further information. 

No, an investigation may also not result in any actionable way for a shareholder. For instance, a company may clarify the information, or contact us about the investigation with an explanation resolving the investigation. In that event, we will mark the investigation as resolved and work with them to publish their response.


A securities class action lawsuit is a lawsuit on behalf of investors considered in a similar position, who purchased or sold securities of a company during a certain period and suffered losses because of an alleged wrongdoing. Security is often broadly defined to include bonds, stocks, options, derivatives, and other instruments.

Section 10b of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 makes it unlawful to “use or employ, in connection with the purchase or sale of any security” a “manipulative or deceptive device or contrivance in contravention of such rules and regulations as the [SEC] may prescribe.” 15 U.S.C. § 78j(b). It is therefore forbidden to: employ any device, scheme, or artifice to defraud; make any untrue statement of a material fact or to omit to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements made not misleading; or engage in any act, practice, or course of business which operates or would operate as a fraud or deceit upon any person.

Generally, to be successful, one must plead the following:

  • The defendant made a material misstatement or omission of information
  • The misstatement or omission was made with an intent to deceive, manipulate or defraud (also referred as scienter)
  • There is a connection between the misrepresentation or omission and the plaintiff’s purchase or sale of a security, re: the plaintiff relied on the misstatement or omission to purchase or sale his securities,
  • The plaintiff suffered economic loss,
  • There is a causal connection between the material misrepresentation or omission and the plaintiff’s loss.

We invite you to read this article from the American Bar Association which, although from 2014, provide ample information to explore the world of class actions brought under section 10b of Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

Section 11 of the Securities Act of 1933 provides “an express right of action for damages . . . when a registration statement contains untrue statements of material fact or omissions of material fact.” (Thomas Lee Hazen, Treatise on the Law of Securities Regulation, §7.3 at 581 (4th ed. 2002)). Practically, buyers in an initial public offering (IPO), relying on the registration statement and prospectus, are given the right to file a complaint against the company and other signatories for losses sustained as a result of the deficient registration statement and prospectus.

Generally, one must plead at least four elements for the claim to survive:

  • The plaintiff must have purchased securities pursuant to the allegedly deficient registration statement, meaning around the time of the IPO,
  • The registration statement shall include a material misrepresentation or omitted a material statement of information,
  • The claimant commenced suit within the 1 year/3 year statute of limitations period,
  • the claim is asserted against defendants who are covered by the statute (usually the company, the underwrites, the signatories, etc.)

A shareholder derivative lawsuit is a lawsuit brought by a shareholder of a company, on behalf of the company, against an insider (director, board of directors, executives) or a third-party to redress wrongs and harms to the company. Simply speaking, this mechanism exists because one hardly expects directors and insiders to sue themselves for harms they may have done to the company.

The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act (PSLRA) of 1995 was enacted to tighten requirements for securities class actions to be brought in the United States. One of the mechanisms put in place is a 60-day period following the filing of the initial securities class action during which any shareholder (considered in similar position to the one filing the initial class action complaint) can ask to be named lead plaintiff. Generally, when a securities class action falling under the P.S.L.R.A. is filed with a court, law firms will advertise their willingness to pursue the case and invite other investors similarly situated to contact them.

In a securities class action, a lead plaintiff is a shareholder who suffered losses related to the purchase or sale of a company’s security during a certain period of time (class period), that is appointed with its choice of counsel to represent the rest of the purported similarly situated shareholders. To be appointed lead plaintiff, a shareholder needs to contact a law firm to examine losses and agree to legal representation before making a motion with the court to be appointed lead. The court will then look at all the motions from the different shareholders and make its decision based on a certain set of criteria.

In a securities class action lawsuit, a class period is a set period of time during which the purchasers or sellers of a company’s security (stock, options for example) allege to have been wronged and suffer losses as a result. Class periods are based on the merits of the case and may evolve with the litigation.

A class action complaint will define the initial class of investors: the class period and the persons included in the class. You should look at the definition of the class to determine whether you are included or not, and contact an attorney if you have any question. The class definition evolves with the litigation. Its definition is very likely to change between the initial complaint filed and the possible settlement. We update our pages as regularly as possible to track the lawsuits’ outcome.

Whether a class of investors is alleged in a complaint or certified by a court, you may decide not to be a part of it. For instance, in the event of a class action settlement, the lead plaintiff will agree on the potential recovery ratio for the class. You may have an interest in opting-out of a class if you have sustained large losses and believe bringing a separate lawsuit would entitle you to a larger ratio of recovery.

You may be able to bring a claim to arbitration in certain scenarios. We encourage you to contact a law firm of your choice to inquire about such alternative dispute resolution mechanism.

Law Firms

Your choice of counsel matters. Shareholders may contact the law firm of their choice to seek legal representation. To help you choose, we track the outcome of securities lawsuits and their lead counsels. Because of inherent contingency payment mechanisms, law firms compete against one another to be appointed lead counsel.

Different law firms are interested in the same investigation or existing case and willing to be contacted by shareholders of the company. Because of this, we allow multiple law firms to promote themselves on investigations and existing class actions. We also encourage law firms to contact us about investigations they contemplate.

In most securities class action, the court will select a lead plaintiff to represent other plaintiffs (part of a “class” of shareholders) and a law firm to act as a lead counsel to defend their interests (criteria may vary). If a securities class action falls under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act (PSLRA), the court will appoint one or more lead plaintiff with their selection of counsels at the end of a 60-day deadline starting from the notice of filing of the complaint.

To initiate contact with one or multiple law firm of your choice, directly contact them using the contact button on our investigations and cases or visit their profile and fill the contact form. 

Do not include sensitive or confidential information.

We suggest that you review some of the law firms here first to make your selection of counsel (non-exhaustive list of law firms identified in court filings).

We are working on this feature and will update you as soon as possible.

There is no “best” law firm. There may be a law firm that fits you the best. Law firms fight for cases their way, according to who they are, their story, their management and plenty of other criteria. We recommend that you check our comparison of law firms here before making your selection of counsel.

We are neither a law firm nor a referral service. Please refer to our terms and conditions for further information.

Your choice of counsel matters because it will directly impact recommendations you are given and the result of your case. In the event that you applied to be appointed lead plaintiff with the court, your choice of counsel may also impact numerous other shareholders in a similar position, as well as other plaintiffs on file with the court.

In most scenarios, law firms will not require you to pay any fee, ever. They will probably also cover your travel costs related to the case. That is because, in the event of successful litigation, (for class actions and and derivative actions for instance), lawfirms will submit a fee demand with the court. It is, in fact, their incentive to successfully litigate the case and cover out-of-pocket expenses.

© Copyright 2021 Brios Services LLC